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These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape.The interagency high commission reported the government convicted 23 offenders under the trafficking statute, an increase from 14 convictions in 2013.

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The government acceded to the 2000 UN TIP Protocol, increased convictions of offenders under the trafficking law, and the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) completed and published a national inquiry into the practice of .The courts sentenced these offenders to terms of imprisonment ranging from one to 15 years.Law enforcement and judicial officials continued to have a limited understanding of trafficking.Official complicity remained a serious problem and political will to combat the crime was low.Law enforcement and judicial officials continued to have a limited understanding of human trafficking, and the government did not develop or employ systematic procedures for the identification and referral of victims to protective services.Opium-farming families sometimes sell their children to settle debts with opium traffickers.

According to the government and the UN, insurgent groups forcibly recruit and use children as suicide bombers.

The law prescribes between eight and 15 years' imprisonment for persons convicted of some forms of labor trafficking and prescribes penalties of up to life imprisonment for those convicted of some forms of sex trafficking.

The 2009 Elimination of Violence Against Women law and other provisions of the penal code include penalties for most forms of trafficking.

Boys from Badakhshan, Takhar, Baghlan, Kunduz, and Balkh provinces in the north, as well as those traveling unaccompanied, are particularly vulnerable to trafficking.

Some entire Afghan families are trapped in debt bondage in the brick-making industry in eastern Afghanistan.

The majority of Afghan trafficking victims are children who end up in carpet making and brick factories, domestic servitude, commercial sexual exploitation, begging, transnational drug smuggling, and assistant truck driving within Afghanistan, as well as in the Middle East, Europe, and South Asia.