Chinese culture on dating
Although the accession of an emperor would mark a new era, an emperor might also declare a new era at various times within his reign.The introduction of a new era was an attempt to reestablish a broken connection between Heaven and Earth, as personified by the emperor.
When we reach the end of a component, we start from the beginning: The 10th year is gui-you, the 11th year is jia-xu (restarting the Celestial Stem), the 12th year is yi-hai, and the 13th year is bing-zi (restarting the Terrestrial Branch). This way of naming years within a 60-year cycle goes back approximately 2000 years. This means that the year wu-yin, the 15th year in the 78th cycle, started on . The following are dates for Chinese/Lunar New Year’s day: In the early 1990s, Chinese astronomers discovered that there was an error in the Chinese calendar for 2033.It is not surprising that a few similarities exist between the Chinese and the Hebrew calendar: When determining what a Chinese year looks like, one must make a number of astronomical calculations: First, determine the dates for the new moons.Here, a new moon is the completely "black" moon (that is, when the moon is in conjunction with the sun), not the first visible crescent used in the Islamic and Hebrew calendars.The date of a new moon is the first day of a new month.Second, determine the dates when the sun’s longitude is a multiple of 30 degrees.Analysis of surviving astronomical records inscribed on oracle bones reveals a Chinese lunisolar calendar, with intercalation of lunar months, dating back to the Shang dynasty of the fourteenth century B. From the earliest records, the beginning of the year occurred at a New Moon near the winter solstice. E., a calendar reform established the practice, which continues today, of requiring the winter solstice to occur in month 11.
The choice of month for beginning the civil year varied with time and place, however. This reform also introduced the intercalation system in which dates of New Moons are compared with the 24 solar terms.
A similar naming of days and months has fallen into disuse, but the date name is still listed in calendars. The traditional calendar claimed that the leap month would follow the 7th month, while in fact it comes after the 11th month.
It is customary to number the 60-year cycles since 2637 B. It is very unusual that the 11th month has a leap month, in fact it hasn’t happened since the calendar reform in 1645 (before 1645, all months had the same probability for having a leap month). The Chinese calendar does not use a continuous year count!
However, calculations were based on the mean motions resulting from the cyclic relationships.
Inequalities in the Moon’s motions were incorporated as early as the seventh century C.
Chinese New Year Celebrations Chinese New Year parades have their origins in the California Gold Rush, when immigrants sought to share their culture.