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Dating cardiff wales

dating cardiff wales-87

In 1091, Robert Fitzhamon the Lord of Glamorgan, began work on the castle keep within the walls of the old Roman fort and by 1111, Cardiff town walls had also been built and this was recorded by Caradoc of Llancarfan in his book Brut y Tywysogion (Chronicle of the Princes).

At that time sea levels were much lower than today, and the shallower parts of what is now the North Sea were dry land.Amongst the various attackers of the castle were Ifor Bach, who captured the Earl of Gloucester who at the time held the castle.Morgan ap Maredudd apparently attacked the settlement during the revolt of Madog ap Llywelyn in 1294.By the end of the 13th century, Cardiff was the only town in Wales with a population exceeding 2,000, but it was relatively small compared to most other notable towns in the Kingdom of England.In 1536, the Act of Union between England and Wales led to the creation of the shire of Glamorgan. Around this same time the Herbert family became the most powerful family in the area.These Neolithic colonists integrated with the indigenous people, gradually changing their lifestyles from a nomadic life of hunting and gathering, to become farmers, some of whom settled in the area that would become Glamorgan.

They cleared the forests to establish pasture and to cultivate the land, developed new technologies such as ceramics and textile production, and they brought a tradition of long barrow construction that began in continental Europe during the 7th millennium BC.

Doggerland was submerged by the North Sea and, by 8000 BP, the British Peninsula had become the island of Great Britain.

John Davies has theorised that the story of Cantre'r Gwaelod's drowning and tales in the Mabinogion, of the waters between Wales and Ireland being narrower and shallower, may be distant folk memories of this time.

A writer around this period described Cardiff: "The River Taff runs under the walls of his honours castle and from the north part of the town to the south part where there is a fair quay and a safe harbour for shipping." In 1542, Cardiff gained representation in the House of Commons for the first time.

The next year, the English militia system was introduced.

As Great Britain became heavily wooded, movement between different areas was restricted, and travel between what was to become known as Wales and continental Europe became easier by sea, rather than by land.