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The gassing installation was imperfect and usually only one or two rooms were working, causing a backlog.
The installation, resembling a railway transit point for the purpose of forced labour, was finished before Christmas.Although Holocaust witnesses' testimonies differ as to the type of fuel, Erich Fuchs' postwar affidavit indicates that most probably it was a petrol engine with a system of pipes delivering exhaust fumes into the gas chambers.For very small transports of Jews and Gypsies over a short distance, a minimized version of the gas van technology was also used in Bełżec.Known structures are gone except for the brick-and-mortar garage and auto-shop for the SS, whose foundations still exist today (lower left).Across the fence (left), separated from the main camp, the Hiwi guards' accommodations with kitchen as well as sorting and packing yard for victims possessions.Bełżec was a Reinhard camp meant to circumvent the problems of supply, and instead, rely on a system of extermination based on ordinary and universally available killing agents.
For economic and practical reasons, Wirth had almost the same carbon monoxide gas used in T-4, generated with the torque of a large engine.
Dismantled barracks can still be seen surrounded by walking sand.
The railway unloading platform, with two parallel ramps, marked with red arrow.
In the territory of the so-called Nisko 'reservation', the city of Lublin became the hub of early Nazi transfer of about 95,000 German, Austrian, and Polish Jews expelled from the West and the General Government area.
The site near Bełżec was chosen for several reasons: it was situated on the border between the Lublin District and the German District of Galicia formed after Operation Barbarossa. The northern boundary of the planned killing centre consisted of an anti-tank trench constructed a year earlier.
It was his proposal to use the exhaust gas emitted by the internal-combustion engine of a motorcar as the killing agent instead of the bottled carbon monoxide, because no delivery from outside the camp would be required as in the case of the T-4 method.