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The present Texas–New Mexico boundary placing El Paso on the Texas side was drawn in the Compromise of 1850.El Paso County was established in March 1850, with San Elizario as the first county seat.
A year later, pioneer Anson Mills completed his plan of the town, calling it El Paso. El Paso stands on the Rio Grande river across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juárez, the largest city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.El Paso has a strong federal and military presence. In 2010, El Paso received an All-America City Award.; from Spanish, "the pass") is a city in and the seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States. The region of over 2.7 million people constitutes the largest bilingual and binational work force in the Western Hemisphere. The two cities, along with Las Cruces in the neighboring U. state of New Mexico, form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or El Paso–Juárez–Las Cruces.However, the region was claimed by Texas as part of the treaty signed with Mexico and numerous attempts were made by Texas to bolster these claims.
However, the village which consisted of El Paso and the surrounding area remained essentially a self-governed community with both representatives of the Mexican and Texan government negotiating for control until Texas irrevocably took control in 1846.
However, the various communities never totalled more than several hundred residents with Hispanics and Americans holding an equal percentage of the population.
During the Civil War, a Confederate presence was in the area until it was captured by the Union California Column in 1862.
It was then headquarters for the 5th Regiment California Volunteer Infantry until December 1864. On October 16, the day of the summit, Burnham and Private C. Moore, a Texas Ranger, discovered a man holding a concealed palm pistol standing at the El Paso Chamber of Commerce building along the procession route.
After the Civil War's conclusion, the town's population began to grow as Texans continued to move into the villages and soon became the majority. Frederick Russell Burnham, the celebrated scout, was put in charge of a 250 private security detail hired by John Hays Hammond, who in addition to owning large investments in Mexico was a close friend of Taft from Yale and a U. By 1910, the overwhelming number of people in the city were Americans creating a settled environment.
El Paso remained the largest settlement in New Mexico until its cession to the U. in 1848, when Texas took possession of it with the Compromise of 1850.