Dating nakedabout inprivate
More pains were no doubt taken to keep the exterior strong and safe against attack, than to render the interior habitable, and we may conclude that the moneys willed by Wlnthugton for the re-edification of Newgate were principally expended on the restoration and improvements of the prison.
In antiquity and varied interest Newgate prison yields to no place of durance in the world.The weight of the chains, again, which, till quite recently, innocent and guilty alike wore, depended upon the price a prisoner could pay for "easement of irons," and it was a com- mon practice to overload a new-comer with enormous fetters and so terrify him into lavish disbursement.The gaol at all times was so hideously overcrowded that plague and pestilence perpetually ravaged it, and B 2 4 OBROm OLES OF NEWGATE, the deadly infection often spread into the neighbour- ing courts of law.Debtors of all degrees were condemned to languish for years in prison, often for the most paltry sums. Gaol deliveries were rare, and the boon of arraignment and fair trial waa strangely and unjustly withheld, while even those acquitted iu open court were often haled back to prison because they were unable to discharge the gaoler's illegal fees. Light scarcely penetrated their dark and loathsome dun- geons ; no breath of fresh air sweetened the fetid atmo- sphere they breathed ; that they enjoyed the luxury of water was due to the munificence of a Lord Mayor. Food, clothing, fuel were doled out in limited quantities as charitable gifts ; occasionally prosperous citizens bequeathed small legacies to be expended in the same articles of supply.The condition of the prisoners in Newgate was long most deplorable. These bare prison allow- ances were further eked out by the chance seizures in the markets ; by bread forfeited as inferior or of light weight, and meat declared unfit to be publicly sold.Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each lile is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find additional materials through Google Book Search. Do not assume that just because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
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A gaol has stood on this same site for almost a thousand years.
The first prison was nearly as old as the Tower of London, and much older than the Bastille.
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Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. com/| ■ ■ ■ \ H ^•^SUi-^ « ^^w Wm /^^NP 1 SNJtl # ~t^T _ INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER* Brief survey of Newgate — The first gaol — Its antiquity — Its inmates and general condition — Whittington's prison — Re- built after the Fire — Misgovernment, neglect, and injustice- Capital convicts and executions — First dawn of reform — A new Newgate built by Dances — State of interior continues deplorable — Mrs.
Hundreds of thousands of " felons and trespassers " have from first to last been incarcerated within. Imprisonment was often lightly and capriciously inflicted in days before our liberties were fully won, and innumerable victims of tyranny and oppression have been lodged in Newgate. The gaol was the halfway-house to the scaffold or the gallows for turbulent or short- sighted persons who espoused the losing side ; it waa the starting-place for that painful pilgrimage to the pillory or whipping-poat which was too frequently the punishment for rashly uttered libels and philippics against constituted power.