E status ignored does not require updating
In addition to the 30 KASs listed above, this guideline also contains 27 additional recommendations that are based on the consensus expert opinion of the subcommittee members.
The initial search included articles published between the publication of the Fourth Report (January 2004) and August 2015.Next, 2 subcommittee members and the epidemiologist conducted full-text reviews of the selected articles.Although many subcommittee members have extensively published articles on topics covered in this guideline, articles were not preferentially selected on the basis of authorship.Implementation tools for this guideline are available on the AAP Web site (https://org/en-us/about-the-aap/Committees-Councils-Sections/coqips/Pages/Implementation-Guide.aspx).The subcommittee was co-chaired by a pediatric nephrologist and a general pediatrician and consisted of 17 members, including a parent representative.High BP is consistently greater in boys (15%–19%) than in girls (7%–12%).
The prevalence of high BP is higher among Hispanic and non-Hispanic African American children compared with non-Hispanic white children, with higher rates among adolescents than among younger children.
All subcommittee members were asked to disclose relevant financial or proprietary conflicts of interest for members or their family members at the start of and throughout the guideline preparation process.
Potential conflicts of interest were addressed and resolved by the AAP.
Information on the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) in children is largely derived from data from the NHANES and typically is based on a single BP measurement session.
These surveys, conducted since 1988, indicate that there has been an increase in the prevalence of childhood high BP, including both HTN and elevated BP.
Articles selected at this stage were mapped back to the relevant main topic in the outline.